Brief History

The department is well equipped with instrumentation and technology to provide state-of-the-art care for patients suffering from a wide variety of corneal disorders. The department has an elaborate academic and surgical training programme for doctors & staff in cornea and external eye diseases.


Clinical Services

The department caters to the efficient diagnosis and management of a wide range of diseases.

Congential and hereditary corneal disorders

Corneal and scleral infections

Ectatic corneal disorders – Keratoconus, Terriens marginal degeneration, Pellucid Marginal degeneration

Immunologic disorders of cornea

Peripheral ulcerative keratitis

Ocular surface disorders including severe dry eye, blepharitis, ocular allergies, chemical injuries, Stevens Johnson syndrome and ocular surface tumors

Investigations and Diagnostic Services

Corneal Topography (Scirrus) - Evaluates shape and power of the corneal surface. The Pentacam, based on the Schiempflug photography is unique in that it provides invaluable information that other instruments are incapable of measuring.

Confocal Microscopy : Live microscopic imaging of corneal disorders

Pachymetry : Measurement of corneal thickness using ultrasound

Aberrometry : ( I-Trace Aberrometer, Allegro Analyser) Measures the optical aberrations of the eye

Specular Microscopy Study of the corneal endothelium (cells that maintain corneal clarity)

Anterior – Segment OCT : (Optovue)Helps identify depth of corneal scarring/lesions on the cornea, corneal thickness, anterior chamber details

Tear Osmolarity : Measures tear osmolarity helping detect dry eye

Anterior segment digital photography : Photographic documentation of various corneal conditions for baseline documentation, and monitoring effects of therapy as well as to monitor progression of the disease in any ectatic disorder.

Customized laser refractive surgery : A strategy to correct not only the refractive error but also the other optical imperfections of the eye, by surface ablation (Supralasik), Lasik and PTK by schwind Eyetech Solution.

Collagen cross linking for Keratoconus : Procedure performed to stabilize the disease.


The department offers most recent advances in the field of corneal surgery which include

Penetrating Keratoplasty (PK) : Optical, tectonic and therapeutic with anterior segment reconstruction, combined with SFIOL, Vitreo-retinal procedures and Paediatric PK.

Lamellar corneal surgeries : Including Automated Lamellar Therapeutic Keratoplasty (ALTK), Deep Anterior Lamellar Keratoplasty (DALK), Deep Lamellar Endothelial Keratoplasty (DLEK) and Descemet's Stripping EndoKeratoplasty (DSEK), Descemet’s Membrane Endothelial Keratoplasty (DMEK)

Pterygium surgery : Conjunctival Autograft, amniotic membrane graf(Conjunctival mobilazation)

Management of wide range of ocular surface tumor including surgery and chemotheraphy

Comprehensive management of SJS/ chemical injuries /ocular allergies/ ocular surface disorders

The Ocular Surface Clinic : one of the first of its kind in the country, caters to a wide variety of surface disorders including dry eye, ocular allergies, chemical injuries and Stevens Johnson syndrome. Started in 2005, the clinic offers comprehensive care and makes available the entire spectrum of treatment modalities for ocular surface disorders under one roof. It is the only centre in the world which performs all kinds of keratoprosthesis (artificial cornea) surgeries. 230 Keratoprosthesis surgeries have been performed so far.

Other surgeries performed include :

  • Ocular surface reconstruction
  • Amniotic membrane transplantation
  • Recurrent Pterygium surgeries
  • Limbal autografts and allografts
  • Mucous membrane grafting

Artificial cornea (Keratoprosthesis) :

  • Boston Type 1 keratoprosthesis and its variants
  • Modified Osteo-Odonto Keratoprosthesis
  • Pintucci Keratoprosthesis
  • Boston Type 2/Lucia Type 2 Keratoprosthesis
  • Tibial keratoprosthesis